***LAST UPDATED: 2nd December 2005***
married Sarah in an unknown year. Known children:
married (1) Frances Morris (1787 - 1817) in 1808 at St Peter Le Bailey Church, Oxford. Known children:
When William and Frances married neither had been married before and William signed his name. Both were of the parish of St. Peter Le Bailey. One of the witnesses of the marriage was a Sarah Morris, presumably a sister of Frances.
William was recorded as being a carpenter at the time of his children's baptisms, and the family were living in Bullocks Lane, Oxford.
Frances died in 1817 aged 30 years. She was buried at St Peter Le Bailey Church.
William remarried several years later. His second wife, Susannah, was a widow with young children. The witnesses to the marriage were Jane and Jemima Gardner, both signed with a 'X' as did Susannah. Susannah would have been about 6 or 7 months pregnant when she married William.
At the time of Caroline's birth in 1833, William and Susannah were living in Adam's Yard, Oxford. In 1838, when Sarah was baptised, the family were living at Caroline Row in Oxford.
The 1841 census incorrectly notes Susannahs two daughters from her first marriage as Rawlins. Also, the ages for Elizabeth, Eliza and Susan have been rounded down. There is no mention of the Caroline born in 1833 but does note Sarah as being Caroline.
The 1851 census again incorrectly noted Sarah as being Caroline - maybe Sarah was known as Caroline. By this point the family had moved to Summertown, then a small hamlet on the edge of Oxford.
When William and Eliza married they were both
of full age, neither had been married before and were married by banns.
They both signed their names with a 'X'. They were noted as living on
Union Street. William's father was noted as being a carpenter. Eliza's
father, John, was a labourer. The witnesses to the marriage were Joseph
Simms (signed with a 'X' and presumbly a relative of Eliza's) and Mary
At the time of the
children's baptisms, William was recorded as working as a coachsmith
and a labourer. The family lived in various places over the years -
Adam's Yard, Boot Alley, Parkers Square - which were recorded at the
time of the baptism records. William was later noted as being a
Rosa and Edwin John were both buried at St
Giles Church. It was noted that Edwin had died of smallpox.
The 1871 census says
the family were living in
the parish of St Giles, Oxford. William was working as a blacksmith's
was married and her surname was Brooks. Both she and her 6 month old
daughter, also Julia, were living with the family. There is no mention
of Julia's husband although she is not recorded as being a widow. Henry
was working as a bricklayer, Edward was a carpenters apprentice, and
Alfred was at school. Also living with the family was one year old
Harry Rawlins. Harry is recorded as being a grandson of William's. I
think this was an incorrect entry, it should have read Harry Brooks
(also known as Henry).
Both William and Eliza were buried at St Giles
Church in Oxford. They were both noted as living at Radcliffe Row in
Although I haven't yet found Henry's birth registration I have found a reference to his christening which took place on 29th February 1852.
From 1872 onwards the surname seems to have been mainly spelt as 'Rawlings'.
Henry was of
full age when he married
Martha, who was 20 years old. Henry's father, William, is recorded as
being a labourer. Martha's father, Benjamin, was a hawker of
earthenware. One of the witnesses at this marriage was Edward Rawlings
- Henry's brother.
The baptism records show that the family lived in King Street, Oxford, until at least 1888. After 1888 they lived in Cardigan Street, Oxford.
Henry worked as a bricklayer throughout his life. The 1891 census shows Eliza was working as a machinist factory hand and Henry (junior) was an errand boy.
Martha was unable to
write as on both her
marriage certificate and the birth certificate of Henry (junior) a
was made and noted as her mark. Martha died in 1898 of a cerebral
embolism and pneumonia. She was buried at St Paul's Church aged 46
Henry married Emma
at the age of 49. His
father, William, was noted as deceased, and had been a coach builder -
a different occupation to that noted at Henry's first marriage and in
the 1871 census. The 1901 cenus shows that Henry and Emma were living
with her children from her previous marriage.
Henry died in Headington, Oxford, in 1929. His causes of death were noted as a cerebral haemorrhage and chronic cystitis.
Henry and Ellen were 22 and 25 respectively when they got married. At the time of marriage Henry was already living in Fulham, Ellen was still in Oxford. The wedding was witnessed by Henry's father and Susan Harriet New - the sister of Ellen.
Henry was recorded as being a bricklayer both at the time of his marriage and in the 1901 census.